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Glossary

Characters | Places and Ships | Glossary



Characters (in order of mention)
Lemuel Gulliver A ship’s surgeon and the narrator of the story
 
Mr Bates

A surgeon who trains Gulliver


 
Captain Abraham Pannel

The captain of a ship called The Swallow


 
Mary Burton The woman who married Lemuel Gulliver
 
The King of Lilliput The ruler of a country where everything is very small  
Skyresh Bolgolam An adviser to the King of Lilliput who does not like Gulliver  
The Queen of Lilliput

The wife of the King of Lilliput

 
Reldresal An important official who works for the King of Lilliput  
The Tramecksan A group that believe that people should wear high heels on their shoes because it is traditional  
The Slamecksan

A group that believe that people should wear low heels on their shoes because it is more modern

 
The King of Blefuscu

The ruler of an island next to Lilliput

 
Flimnap

The King of Lilliput’s treasurer

 
John Biddel A British trader and the owner of a ship returning to England from Japan  
Johnny

Gulliver’s son

 
Betty Gulliver’s daughter  
Captain John Nicholas

The captain of a ship called The Adventure

 
 The farmer

A giant who finds Gulliver in a field

 
Glumdalclitch The giant farmer’s daughter, who is kind to Gulliver  
Grildrig “Puppet”, the name given to Gulliver by Glumdalclitch  
The King of Brobdingnag  a kind, rich lady who raised Rose as her niece when Rose was an orphThe ruler of a country where everything is very bigan  
The Queen of Brobdingnag The King of Brobdingnag’s wife  
Mr Thomas Wilcocks

The captain of a ship returning to England from Vietnam

 
Places and Ships
Africa where The Adventure stopped for water and repairs  
The Adventure The ship that Gulliver took to Brobdingnag
The Antelope The ship that Gulliver took to Lilliput
Blefuscu The island next to Lilliput
Brobdingnag A country where everything is very big
England Gulliver’s home country
Lilliput

A country in which everything is very small

Lorbrulgrud The capital city of Brobdingnag
Madagascar

A large island east of Africa

Mildendo

The capital city of Lilliput

The Swallow

The first ship that Gulliver worked on

Vietnam

The place that Mr Wilcocks’s ship was returning from

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Glossary
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | J | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | V | W
A
 adviser

someone whose job is to give advice to someone

 
anchor a heavy metal object that is lowered into the water to prevent a ship or boat from moving  
approximately

a little more or less than an exact number or amount; about

 
army

the part of a country’s military force that is trained to fight on land

 
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B
blanket

a thick, warm cover for a bed

 
bow

to bend your head or the top part of your body forward, often as a sign of respect

 
bow and arrow

a weapon made with a long curved piece of wood held by a tight string which is used to fire a thin straight stick with a point at one end

 
breeze

a light, gentle wind

 
bruise

a mark on the skin of a person where it has been damaged by a hit or a fall

 
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C
chain

a series of metal rings connected together in a line

 
 concert

a performance given by musicians or singers

 
cream

a thick white liquid obtained from milk

 
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D
desire

a strong feeling that you want something very much

 
distance

the amount of space between two places or things

 
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E
eventually after a long time  
exhausted

extremely tired

 
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F
fasten

to attach something firmly to another object

 
fleet

a group of ships, or all the ships in a navy

 
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G
giant

an extremely tall, strong person in children’s stories

 
glove

a piece of clothing worn on your hand, with separate parts for each finger

 
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H
hail

small, hard drops of frozen rain that fall from the sky

 
heel the bottom part of a shoe that is under the back part of your foot, which is usually thicker than the other parts  
hire

to pay money to borrow something for a short time

 
hook

a curved piece of metal used for hanging things on, or for catching fish

 
horror

a strong feeling of shock and fear

 
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J
 jolt a sudden strong movement  
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L
legal system the laws that are used in a country  
licence an official document that gives you permission to do something  
liquid

a substance such as water, which flows and is not solid or a gas

 
loop a line, piece of wire, string etc that has a shape like a curve or a circle  
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M
mad

mentally ill, or behaving in an excited, uncontrolled way

 
(Your) Majesty

a formal title that is used to talk about a king or queen

 
master

a man who is in charge of an animal, a home, or a servant

 
material

a substance such as wood, plastic, paper etc from which things can be made

 
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N
navy the people and ships that a country has for fighting a war at sea  
 needle

a small thin piece of steel used for sewing, that has a point at one end and a hole at the other end

 
nod to move you head up  and down, especially to say yes or to show you understand something  
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O
oar

a long pole that is wide at one end, used for rowing a boat

 
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P
pack to put things into boxes, bags etc in order to take them somewhere  
pat

to touch someone or something lightly with your hand flat, especially in a friendly way

 
permission

if you have permission to do something, someone in authority allows you to do it

 
pin (n)

a short thin piece of metal with a sharp point at one end, used especially for holding pieces of cloth together

 
pin (v)

to fasten something or join things together with a pin

 
platform

a raised structure for people to stand or work on

 
plead

to ask for something in an urgent and anxious way

 
political

related to the government, politics and public affairs of a country

 
prince

the son of a king or queen, or one of their male relations

 
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R
rebellion

an organised attempt to change the government

 
ribbon

a long, narrow piece of cloth, used especially for tying things or as a decoration

 
ridiculous

very silly, especially in a way that seems surprising

 
row

to make a boat move through water using oars     

 
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S
scholar

someone who studies a subject and knows a lot about it

 
scream

to make a loud, high noise with your voice, or shout something loudly because you are hurt, frightened or angry

 
scythe

a tool with a long curved blade, used for cutting grass or other tall crops

 
seashell

the hard outside part of some types of sea animals

 
secret

known about by only a few people

 
sew

to use a needle and thread to join pieces of cloth together

 
shake / shook

to move up and down or from side to side with quick movements

situation

the combination of all the things that are happening and all the conditions that exist at a particular time and place

 
sneeze

when you sneeze, air suddenly comes out of your nose and mouth in a noisy and uncontrollable way

 
squeeze

to press something firmly

 
step

a movement when you are walking when you put one foot down in front of the other

 
sting

the sharp part an insect, animal etc puts into you which hurts

 
stool

a chair without a support for your back

 
stream

a very small river

 
strength

physical power and energy

 
sword

a weapon with a long sharp blade and a handle

 
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T
telescope

a piece of equipment that you look through, that makes things that are far away seem closer and larger

 
threat

when you tell someone that you will hurt them or cause problems for them if they do not do what you want

 
thunder

the loud noise that you hear during a storm after a flash of lightning

 
tie

to fasten something with string, rope etc

 
trader

someone whose job is buying and selling things

 
treasurer

someone who takes care of the money for an organisation

 
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V
valuable

worth a lot of money

 
violent

(1) happening with a lot of force; (2) attacking people and trying to hurt or kill them

 
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W
weapon something you use to fight with  
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